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India
 

General Information:

India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world’s highest mountain chain.The capital of India is New Delhi, and the country’s largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).This country is the seventh largest country in the world with the population is one billion making it the second most populous country after China.  India is the largest democracy (Government by the people, like the UK is) in the world. The main income is from agriculture so it is mainly an agricultural country, though it also has a large iron and steel industry and produces every type of manufactured goods.

Location:
India is in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
20 00 N, 77 00 E

Area:
Total: 3,287,590 sq km
Land: 2,973,190 sq km
Water: 314,400 sq km

Capital City:
New Delhi
About 13 million people live in the capital, New Delhi.

Population:
1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)
India’s population is one billion (one thousand million), making it the second most populous country after China. It is more than three times the population of the United States though its area is only about one-third.

Languages Spoken:
17 major languages, 844 dialects
India has about 17 major languages and 844 different dialects.
Hindi, spoken by about 45 per cent of the population, is the official language. The other official language is English.

Religion:
The two main religions are Hinduism (80%) and the Muslim religion (10%) but there are also small numbers of Buddhists, Christians, Sikhs, Parsees and Jains.
India’s history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Judaism, Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the same country today.

Climate:
The Climate in India varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.

Government:
Federal republic

Head of State:
President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh

Festivals:
India is a land of festivals and fairs. The most widely known and popular celebrations include the Hindu festivals of Diwali, Holi, and Dussehra.
Pongal in Tamil Nadu and Onam in Kerala are harvest festivals celebrated by people belonging to all religions.

 

 

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